Former Residence Tour
Touch the History of Old Chongqing

9th April 2018

Articles

On the Qingming Festival, people usually mourn for the dead. Why not pay a visit to some former residences of historical figures in Chongqing and touch the city’s history?

清明節已經過去,當我們憶故人悼亡者時,不妨也踏進這些曾在重慶留名的歷史名人故居看一看,觸摸一座城市的歷史文脈。

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Former residence of hou Enlai, former Prime Minister of PRC

周恩來舊居——周公館

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To facilitate the interactions with people from all walks of life,Deng Yingchao (Zhou’s whife)rented most houses in Zengjiayan, in the name of Zhou Enlai, in February, 1939. These houses were claimed to be Zhou Enlai’s residence. But in fact, they were used as the working place and boarding house of the South Bureau.

為了便於和社會各界人士來往,1939年2月鄧穎超以周恩來的名義租下曾家岩大部分房屋作為南方局辦公、住宿用房,對外則稱周公館。

Zhou Enlai’s former residence is made up of five buildings with civil engineering structures, including office building, auditorium, guesthouse, nursery and kitchen. The leading organizations and confidential broadcasting stations of the South Bureau are located on the second and third floors. Zhou Enlai, Ye Jianying, Wang Ruofei and Deng Yingchao worked here for ages. Today, as the branch of the Hongyan Revolution Memorial Hall in Zengjiayan, these buildings keep much of their original appearances.

周公館有辦公樓、禮堂、招待所、托兒所、廚房等5幢土木結構房屋。南方局領導機關及機要電臺部門設在二、三樓。周恩來、葉劍英、王若飛、鄧穎超等人曾長期在這裏工作。現為“重慶紅岩革命紀念館曾家岩分館”,基本保持原貌。

Address: No. 50, Zengjiayan, Yuzhong District

地址:渝中區曾家岩50號

Song Qingling’s former residence

宋慶齡舊居

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During the Anti-Japanese War,Soong Ching-ling came to Chongqing twice and worked here for four years. Simple and unadorned, her residence was used as the reception center of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Nationalist Government before she lived here. Her modesty and gentleness is mirrored in the living environment. At present, the building has been changed into the exhibition gallery of Soong Ching-ling’s former residence, keeping its original appearance.

抗日戰爭時期,宋慶齡曾兩次來到重慶,在重慶生活、工作四年多。宋慶齡故居給人的整體印象完全可以用質樸來形容,這幢樓房原是國民政府外交部接待站,後來讓給宋慶齡居住的。從故居環境就可以看出宋慶齡謙和寧靜的秉性。如今,這裏已改為宋慶齡舊居陳列館,基本保持原貌。

Address: No. 5, Xincun, Lianglukou, Yuzhong District

地址:渝中區兩路口新村5號

Song Ziwen's former residence (Yiyuan Garden)

宋子文舊居(怡園)

Nestling on a hill, Yiyuan Garden is a three-story stone building. It's a Gothic style castle with balconies of different sizes on the second and third floors. During the Anti-Japanese War, it was used as the mansion of Song Ziwen who was the Foreign Minister and the head of the Executive Department of the Nationalist Government. George C. Marshall, the Ambassador of the USA, also lived here during the CCP-KMT talks. After the liberation of Chongqing, Yiyuan Garden was used as the guesthouse for government agencies. Later in March, 1992, it was listed as a cultural and historical site under the city protection by the people's government of Chongqing.

“怡園”半隱在一座小山丘上,房屋共三層,建築外表為全石砌成,二三樓設計有大小不一的陽臺,是一座哥特式風格的磚石城堡。抗戰期間,曾作為時任國民政府外交部長、行政院長宋子文的公館。國共軍事談判期間,美國總統特使馬歇爾也曾在此居住。重慶解放後,“怡園”一度為政府機關招待所使用,後於1992年3月被重慶市人民政府列為市級文物保護單位。

Address: No. 19, Sixin Road, Shangqingsi, Yuzhong District

地址:渝中區上清寺四新路19號

Guo Moruo’s former residence

郭沫若舊居

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Guo Moruo’s former residence was also used as the site of the third office of the Political Department of the Military Commission and the Cultural Work Committee of the Nationalist Government. Covering a floor area of 10,190 square meters and a building area of 1,566 square meters, it is a courtyard with sloping roofs in late Qing Dynasty style and no luxurious ornaments can be found in the yard. Guo Moruo created many great literary works in such peaceful environment.

郭沫若舊居即國民政府軍事委員政治部第三廳和文化工作委員會舊址,占地面積10190平方米,建築面積1566平方米,風格為清晚期四合院,穿鬥結構,小青瓦屋面,斜山式屋頂。院子裏絲毫沒有奢華繁複的裝飾,郭沫若先生就曾在如此靜謐的環境中靜心創作。

Address: Xiangjiaoyuan Village (Quanjia Courtyard), Xiyong County, Shapingba District

地址:沙坪壩區西永鎮香蕉園村(全家院子)



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